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Report to Caribbean Centre for Money and Finance (CCMF)

Summary

The Surinamese economy has continued to fare well, growing at an estimated 4.5% in 2012, although growth decelerated compared to 2011 (4.7%). Mining exports and increased public investments were the main drivers.

Inflation has fallen sharply from the 2011 level, whereas conditions in the foreign exchange markets have remained stable. At year-end, the international reserves reached a historical peak of over US$ 1 billion.

As the macroeconomic policy framework continued to be strong and the external indicators outlook improved, Suriname’s credit rating was upgraded twice. Within barely a year after two upgrades in the summer of 2011, Fitch allotted the country a BB-/stable outlook rating in July 2012(similar to that of Standard & Poor’s). In August 2012, Suriname was also upgraded by Moody’sto Ba3/positive.

Real Sector

World market conditions for both gold and oil remained buoyant in 2012, providing the backbone for mining production and exports. Gold recorded the best performance, with export values increasing by 14%, mainly as a result of higher average prices. Oil exports rose modestly despite a slight decline in production. Conversely, the bauxite industry kept performing sluggishly due to low world market prices and relatively high production costs.

Year-over-year inflation declined consistently during 2012, from 15.3% at the beginning of the year to 4.4% at end-December. Most notable price increases were in the categories of foodstuffs and housing and utilities.

Public sector

The fiscal deficit widened from 1.9% of GDP in 2011 to an estimated 2.8% in 2012, mainly on account of a strong increase in government expenditure, driven by a pent-up demand for goods and services after two years of frugal budgets, and a strong increase in capital expenditure. In December, wages of civil servants were raised by 10%, retroactive to January 2012. Wage increases for the first two months were paid out in December; the remainder of the retroactive increase will be paid in the current year.

External sources covered about 80% of total central government financing, entirely from disbursements of long-term bilateral and multilateral loans. Most of the domestic financing was provided by the issuance of domestic Treasury bills. Total government debt increased to 25.2% of GDP at end-2012, with domestic debt amounting to 11.7% of GDP. About two thirds of this amount is debt owed to the Central Bank of Suriname.
Monetary sector

Reflecting the strength of the domestic demand, broad money widened by 21%. The Central Bank of Suriname decided to keep the current reserve requirement ratios unchanged at 25% for domestic currency deposits and at 40% for foreign currency deposits.

Credit to the private sector increased by about 16% in nominal terms. Whereas foreign currency credit growth was strong, domestic credit growth was marginal. The credit dollarization ratio rose by one percentage points to 42%.
The deposit dollarization ratio fell by 4 percentage points to 52% at end-2012.

The average lending rate rose by about 10 basis points, while the average deposit rate increased by 40 basis points.

External sector

Favorable developments of the balance of payments resulted in an increase of USS180 million in international reserves, which reached a historical peak of one billion U.S. dollars at end-2012. This is equivalent to about 5 months of imports. If imports of the mining sectors are excluded, as they are being financed by the mining companies themselves, coverage amounted to almost 8 months of imports.

The external current account remained positive for the seventh consecutive year with a surplus of US$ 240 million. This was mainly driven by exports of the mining sector. Sustained increases of international gold prices hereby positioned gold as the dominant export commodity.

Exchange RatesMarch 09th and until further notice

Currency Buying Selling
USD 14,018 14,290
EUR 16,628 16,959
GBP 19,396 19,782
ANG 7,699 7,852
AWG 7,784 7,939
BRL 2,438 2,485
TTD 2,063 2,103
BBD 6,907 7,044
XCD 5,190 5,293
PER 100 GYD 6,657 6,790

Gold CertificatesMarch 09th and until further notice

Coupon SRD
5 gram 7.814,97
10 gram 15.629,94
50 gram 78.149,69
100 gram 156.299,39
500 gram 781.496,94
1000 gram 1562993,88
Gold LME: USD 1.701,00 /tr.oz.

Inflation

    Average End-of-period
2022   52.4 54.6
       
2023   Month-to-month Year-to-year
Jan   3.7 55.6
Feb   3.2 57.9
Mar   3.2 59.6
Apr   5.7 65.4
May   2.4 65.0
Jun   2.3 54.6
Jul   3.0 56.6
Aug   2.0 53.5
Sep   1.5 50.8
Oct   1.0 42.9
Nov   0.6 38.7
Dec   0.1 32.6
       
2024   Month-to-month Year-to-year
Jan   0.9 29.0
Feb   0.4 25.4
Mar   4.4 26.8
Apr*   0.7 20.9

*) Preliminary figures

 

 

Gewogen Gemiddelde Koersen14 juni - 15:00u (Giraal)

Geldsoort Aankoop Verkoop
USD 31,517 31,771
EUR 33,331 34,221
GBP 39,997 40,780
ANG 17,317 17,656
AWG 17,509 17,853
BRL 5,876 5,991
TTD 4,659 4,750
BBD 15,337 15,841
XCD 11,673 11,902
GYD PER 100 14,976 15,270
CNY 4,344 4,429

Gewogen Gemiddelde Koersen14 juni - 15:00u (Bankpapier)

Geldsoort Aankoop Verkoop
USD 31,217 31,632
EUR 32,988 33,347
GBP 39,616 40,400
ANG 17,152 17,492
AWG 17,343 17,686
BRL 5,820 5,935
TTD 4,614 4,706
BBD 15,389 15,693
XCD 11,562 11,791
GYD PER 100 14,833 15,127
CNY 4,303 4,388

GoudcertificatenJuni 14

Coupure SRD
5 gram 23.603,91
10 gram 47.207,82
50 gram 236.039,12
100 gram 472.078,23
500 gram 2.360.391,17
1000 gram 4.720.782,34
Gold LBMA USD 2.310,80/tr.oz.

Gewogen gemiddelde toegewezen OMO rente

Veiling ID Veiling Datum Rente (%)
CBTD240612-1W 2024-06-12 10,0
CBTD240605-1W 2024-06-05 16,1
CBTD240529-1W 2024-05-29 18,0
CBTD240522-1W 2024-05-22 20,0

Rente Beleningsfaciliteit

Veiling ID Veiling Datum Rente (%)
CBTD240612-1W 2024-06-12 12,0
CBTD240605-1W 2024-06-05 19,3
CBTD240529-1W 2024-05-29 21,6
CBTD240522-1W 2024-05-22 24,0
Weekbalans

Inflatie

    Average End-of-period
2022   52.4 54.6
       
2023   Month-to-month Year-to-year
Jan   3.7 55.6
Feb   3.2 57.9
Mar   3.2 59.6
Apr   5.7 65.4
May   2.4 65.0
Jun   2.3 54.6
Jul   3.0 56.6
Aug   2.0 53.5
Sep   1.5 50.8
Oct   1.0 42.9
Nov   0.6 38.7
Dec   0.1 32.6
       
2024   Month-to-month Year-to-year
Jan   0.9 29.0
Feb   0.4 25.4
Mar   4.4 26.8
Apr*   0.7 20.9

*) Preliminary figures